Immutable is a series of drawings and paintings focusing on the symbolism of a square within a circle and the relation of each to a vertical and horizontal axis, the cross of time and space. Circles symbolize the cosmos and squares delineate the spatial directions in our physical world. The cross is an underlying symbol of the four cardinal directions as they relate to the unfolding of the seasons, the turning of the day, and the four ages of man.  

Immutable is inspired by the geometric similarities between two seemingly different works--the compositions of Tibetan mandalas and the cross-sectional blueprint for the dome of Donato Bramante’s 1502 Tempietto (small temple). Both aligned on an axis and feature a circular sacral area surrounded by a square. 

Layering these ancient geometric forms from both Eastern and Western cultures illuminates symbols of our universal past and brings them into contemporary visual culture. The paintings and works on paper in the Immutable series share a meditative quality evoking stillness, balance, and harmony--the very characteristics that the Tibetan mandalas and the Tempietto seek to awaken.

Immutable 1
2019
watercolor and gouache on Somerset paper
30 x 22"
Immutable 2
2019
watercolor and gouache on Somerset paper
30 x 22"
Immutable 3
2019
watercolor and gouache on Rives BFK paper
30 x 22"
Immutable 4
2019
watercolor and gouache on Somerset paper
30 x 22"
Immutable 5
2019
watercolor and gouache on Rives BFK paper
30 x 22"
Immutable 6
2019
watercolor and gouache on Somerset paper
30 x 22"
Immutable 7
2019
watercolor and gouache on Rives BFK paper
30 x 22"
Immutable 8
2019
watercolor and gouache on Somerset paper
30 x 22"
Immutable Study 5
2019
watercolor and gouache on Stonehenge paper
26 x 16"
Immutable Study 6
2019
watercolor and gouache on Stonehenge paper
26 x 16"
Immutable Study 7
2019
watercolor and gouache on Stonehenge paper
26 x 16"
Immutable Study 8
2019
watercolor and gouache on Stonehenge paper
26 x 16"
Immutable Study 9
2019
watercolor and gouache on Stonehenge paper
26 x 16"
Immutable Study 10
2019
watercolor and gouache on Stonehenge paper
26 x 16"

Private Collection